Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)

PULP is an open-access publisher based at the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria

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Compendium on the Legal Protection of Human Rights Defenders in Africa
2018
ISBN: 978-1-920538-85-9
Pages: 143
Print version: Available
Electronic version: Free PDF available

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About the publication

This compilation of documents has been prepared by the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders and Focal Point on Reprisals in Africa of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Commissioner Rémy Ngoy Lumbu, with the assistance of the Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria. The aim of this compilation is to bring together all the most relevant documents concerning the protection of human rights defenders in Africa, adopted under the auspices of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Union, the OSCE and the African Union. This publication, which appears for the first time in 2018, is timely for two particular reasons: The year 2018 marks 20 years since the adoption by the UN General Assembly of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders. In 2018, human rights across the world, and in Africa, have increasingly made the target of government attack and recrimination.


Table of Contents

Preface by Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders in Africa of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Commissioner Prof Rémy Ngoy Lumbu

A. Declarations and Guidelines

UNITED NATIONS
Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1998

AFRICAN UNION – AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS
Grand Bay (Mauritius) Declaration and Plan of Action, 1999
Kigali Declaration, 2003
Guidelines on Freedom of Association and Assembly in Africa, 2017

COUNCIL OF EUROPE
Declaration of the Committee of Ministers on Council of Europe action to improve the protection of human rights defenders and promote their activities, 2008

EUROPEAN UNION
Ensuring Protection – European Union Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders, 2008

ORGANISATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE
Guidelines on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, 2016

B. Resolutions

United Nations (UN) Resolution
Resolution 68/181: Promotion of the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility on Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognised Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: Protecting Women Human Rights Defenders, 2013

African Union (AU) Resolutions
Resolution 69: Resolution on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders in Africa, 2004
Resolution 104: Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders in Africa, 2007
Resolution 273: Resolution on Extending the Scope of the Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders in Africa, 2014
Resolution 275: Resolution on Protection against Violence and other Human Rights Violations against Persons on the basis of their real or imputed Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity, 2014
Resolution 336: Resolution on Measures to Protect and Promote the Work of Women Human Rights Defenders, 2016
Resolution 345: Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders in Africa, 2016
Resolution 376: Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders in Africa, 2017
Resolution 381: Resolution on the Appointment of the Special
Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders and Focal Point on Reprisals in Africa, 2017

C. Model Law

Model Law for the Recognition and Protection of Human Rights Defenders, 2017


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