The impact of the African Charter and Women’s Protocol in selected African states
ISBN: 978-1-920538-11-8
Pages: x 212
Print version: Available
Electronic version: Free PDF available

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About the publication

The year 2011 marked 25 years since the entry into force of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African or Banjul Charter). In 2012, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Commission) celebrates 25 years since it came into operation in 1987. Since its adoption, the African Charter has been supplemented by the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa (Women’s Protocol).

All AU member states (with the exception of newcomer South Sudan) have become state party to the African Charter, and 26 of them have accepted the Women’s Protocol.

Against the background of the 2011 and 2012 celebrations, the question should be posed to what extent the promises of the Charter and Women’s Protocol have been realised. What has the impact of these instruments been on the practice of state parties?

This publication, The impact of the African Charter and Women’s Protocol in selected African states, aims to start addressing this question. Based on research conducted by alumni of the Centre for Human Rights LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa), the publication consists of nineteen country studies, representing states across the continent.

The Centre aims to use this research and, together with the LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa) Alumni Association, to update and extend the existing research. Anyone with relevant information is invited to contact the Centre or the Alumni Association with relevant information, or to act as a country researcher. See for more details.

Table of Contents


  • Benin
    Horace Adjolohoun
  • Burkina Faso
    Augustin Some
  • Cameroon
    Christèle Diwouta
  • Chad
    Francis Ngarhodjim
  • Congo
    Estelle Nkounkou
  • Côte d’Ivoire
    Armand Tanoh
  • Eritrea
    Muluberhan Hagos
  • Gambia
    Tem Fuh Mbuh
  • Kenya
    Conrad Bosire, Victor Lando and Waruguru Kaguongo
  • Lesotho
    Tebello Thabane and Itumeleng Shale
  • Mauritius
    Meskerem Geset Techane
  • Mozambique
    Aquinaldo Mandlate and Farida Mamad
  • Niger
    Hadiza Mahaman
  • Nigeria
    Victor Ayeni
  • Rwanda
    Christian Nsabimana Garuka
  • Senegal
    Horace Adjolohoun
  • Sierra Leone
    Augustine Marrah
  • South Africa
    Ayalew Getachew Assefa
  • Zimbabwe
    Tarisai Mutangi, Revai Makanje Aalbaek and Lloyd Kuvheya

Schematic summary of major trends

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