The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa: a commentary
The first in a series of PULP commentaries on African human rights law, under the series title:  PULP Commentaries on African human rights law
Edited by Annika Rudman, Celestine Nyamu Musembi & Trésor Muhindo Makunya
ISBN: 978-1-7764117-8-8
Pages: 641
Print version: Available
Electronic version: Free PDF available


About the publication 

Since its adoption on 11 July 2003, the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (the Maputo Protocol) has become a landmark on the African human rights landscape. It has steadily gained prominence as a trail-blazing instrument, responsive to the diverse realities of women on the African continent. This comprehensive Commentary on the Maputo Protocol, the first of its kind, provides systematic analysis of each article of the Protocol, delving into the drafting history, and elaborating on relevant key concepts and normative standards.

This Commentary aims to be a ‘one-stop-shop’ for anyone interested in the Maputo Protocol, such as researchers, teachers, students, practitioners, policymakers and activists.

Table of Contents

Frans Viljoen

Table of abbreviations and acronyms  
Table of legislation  
Table of cases 

Annika Rudman

Annika Rudman

Article 1: Definitions  
Mariam Kamunyu

Article 2: Elimination of discrimination against women  
Emma Lubaale

Article 3: Right to dignity
Charlene Kreuser

Article 4: The rights to life, integrity and security of the person  
Ruth Nekura

Article 5: Elimination of harmful practices 
Satang Nabaneh

Article 6: Marriage 
Celestine Nyamu Musembi

Article 7: Separation, divorce and annulment of marriage 
Celestine Nyamu Musembi

Article 8: Access to justice and equal protection before the law  
Annika Rudman

Article 9: Right to participation in the political and decision-making process 
Theodora Talumba Mkali and Annika Rudman

Article 10: Right to peace 
Ashwanee Budoo-Scholtz

Article 11: Protection of women in armed conflicts 
Trésor Muhindo Makunya and Junior Mumbala Abelungu

Article 12: The right to education 
Sheila Parvyn Wamahiu and Celestine Nyamu Musembi

Article 13: Economic and social welfare rights 
Anneth Amin Mnzava

Article 14: Health and reproductive rights 
Ebenezer Durojaye

Article 15: Right to food security 
Trésor Muhindo Makunya and Mercy Bwanaisa

Article 16: Right to adequate housing 
Magnus Killander

Article 17: Right to a positive cultural context 
Adetokunbo Johnson

Article 18: Right to a healthy and sustainable environment 
Ademola Oluborode Jegede and Pfanelo Lorrain Mamphiswana

Article 19: Right to sustainable development 
Ademola Oluborode Jegede and Ndzumbululo Mulaudzi

Article 20: Widows’ rights 
Crystal Mokoena

Article 21: Right to inheritance 
Zahara Nampewo

Article 22: Special protection of elderly women 
Lilian Chenwi

Article 23: Special protection of women with disabilities 
Lilian Chenwi

Article 24: Special protection of women in distress 
Johanna Bond

Article 25: Remedies 
Matilda Lasseko-Phooko

Article 26: Implementation and monitoring 
Rachel Murray

Articles 27 and 32: The interpretative mandate under the Maputo Protocol 
Frans Viljoen and Mariam Kamunyu

Articles 28-31: Final clauses 
Sâ Benjamin Traoré



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